Archive for September 2010

10+ mistakes Linux newbies make

I found this article from ZDNet Website. It was originally posted on TechRepublic website. You may visit this site HERE. I found this topic quite useful especially i am one of many Linux user and a Novell Certified Linux Professional (NCLP). It's been a long time since i used Linux. At office i once have full access on all the Linux installed PC and server, but since this guy, the no-life guy come to our organization, Linux day in the office are gone... Sad...

Some of us might have used linux for whole of their life, maybe some kind of an expert. They might know this and might have "been there". Especially when you are new, and just wanna venture into Linux. You may find this somewhat funny as i did, because i've done almost all the "mistakes". Hehehe...

So lets get on with the article...

10+ (plus) Mistakes Linux Newbie Make
by Jack Wallen

New desktop users can make plenty of mistakes (as can anyone). But knowing which mistakes to avoid, from the start, helps prevent a LOT of frustration. I’ve handled the topic of mistakes new Linux admins make, but never those of desktop users. Here are some of the most common Linux desktop mistakes I see new users make.

1: Assuming they are using Windows

Although this might seem way too obvious, it’s not. The average user has no idea there are even different operating systems to be had. In fact, most average users couldn’t discern Windows XP from Vista from 7 (unless they are certain Windows 7 was “their idea”). Because of this, new users might believe that everything works (or doesn’t work, as the case may be) as it does in Windows. Make your end users aware that they are using a different operating system — and that it works differently.
KaDuS Bilang: Done This... hehehe... try to do some Windows command on Linux platform. Sampai sia pigi cakap ni sistem buruk... hahahaha. Rupanya lain...

2: Trying to make exe files work

Unless you have done your homework and installed WINE, double-clicking those .exe files simply won’t do anything. And when that happens, your end users are going to be upset. I have seen many an end user download an app made for Windows assuming that it will work for Linux. Make it clear to users that Linux, like Windows, will only run applications made for that operating system. This, of course, is tossed out the window when WINE is involved. But new users won’t be using WINE anyway.
KaDuS Bilang: Even try to install Yahoo! Messenger on Linux until i found Meebo. Then i quit trying although there is a YM Version of Linux... huhuhu

3: Choosing the wrong distribution

One of the biggest problems for users is choosing the wrong distribution. Imagine being a new user and selecting Gentoo or Slackware or Fedora! Yes those are all good distributions, but any of them would send a new user running away in fear. If you are in the initial stages of helping a new user out, do yourselves both a favor and choose the distribution carefully. Consider the user’s ability, needs, and hardware before you make that selection. Don’t just jump on board Ubuntu because everyone says you should. A lot of distributions out there are made specifically for new users. Give them all a close examination before making the choice.
KaDuS Bilang: My first Linux Distro was Red Hat (forgot what version was it) and yes i have no idea what it is all about. Since then i've been using Ubuntu (derived from Debian) and SuSe

4: Not finding software

Because so many new Linux users are migrating from Windows, they think software can be had from the same channels. Most of the time, this is not the case. The new user needs to become familiar with their package management tools right away - especially tools like Synaptic, Packagekit, and Ubuntu Software Center. Each of those tools is a mecca of software where users can most likely find all the applications they need.

5: Sending OpenOffice documents to Microsoft Office users in the default format

I see this so often. New Linux users are proud of the strides they have made but dumbfounded (and sometimes turned back to Windows) because the people they share files with can’t read their formats. Remember, Microsoft products are not good at getting along with other operating systems and other applications. Make sure your new users are saving in file formats that are readable by the Microsoft equivalents.
KaDuS Bilang: I always save my documents in M.Office Format (i.e. .doc, .xls) as i know Open Office can Handle it.

6: Avoiding the command line

I can’t, for the life of me, figure out why people completely avoid the command line as if it is the most complex tool there is. I know people who can work absolute magic with Photoshop but can’t seem to type a simple rm command at the command line. Why this is I will never know. New users shouldn’t shy away from the command line. Knowing the command line isn’t essential anymore, but it will make them more capable users.
KaDuS Bilang: I've tried to avoid this during my first time, but i can't because i have trouble findings application that i want to run, or removing a folder or file when i have to forced remove it. hehehe...

7: Giving up too quickly

Here’s another issue I see all too often. After a few hours (or a couple of days) working with Linux, new users will give up for one reason or another. I understand giving up when they realize something simply doesn’t work (such as when they MUST use a proprietary application or file format). But seeing Linux not work under average demands is rare these days. If you see new Linux users getting frustrated, try to give them a little extra guidance. Sometimes getting over that initial hump is the biggest challenge they will face.
KaDuS Bilang: Never Do this. i never quit Linux, although i rarely used it... hehehe

8: Thinking the Windows directory hierarchy translates to Linux

There is no C:\ in Linux. Nor do you use the “\” character. Nor should you use spaces in filenames. These are common mistakes new users make. Trying to map out Windows to Linux, directory for directory, is impossible. You can get as far as C:\ = / and maybe Default User = ~/, but beyond that you’re out of luck. Make sure new users understand that everything starts at / and their most important directory is their home directory (aka ~/ aka /home/USERNAME/).
KaDuS Bilang: First question sia dulu, "MANA C Drive?" hehehe... Until i use Ubuntu (or any other KDE Linux) where i can mount C (or any Drive) and use it like windows. heheheh

9: Skipping updates

I have been burned with Windows updates many times. Need I bother mentioning the update from Explorer 7 to Explorer 8? Very rarely has a Linux update fubar’d a system of mine. In fact, I can’t remember the last time it has. So I am always up to date on my systems… and with good reason. Those updates bring new security patches and features to software and should be applied. Having an installation with a security hole is not what your users need, especially on a machine that houses important information.
KaDuS Bilang: On top of that it will take a very looong time to update Linux if you haven't update for a long time and making you much frustrated. Hehehe

10: Logging in as root

I really shouldn’t have to say this. But just in case, be sure to tell your users DON’T LOG IN AS ROOT! But… just in case they must… DON’T LOG IN AS ROOT! Instead, have them open up a terminal window and either “su” to root or use “sudo”. And just in case you didn’t hear me the first time, DON’T LOG IN AS ROOT!
KaDuS Bilang: Never do this. Once i was explained about this i never login as root until i really confident and know what am i doing.

11: Losing windows to the pager

The pager is one of the handiest features of the Linux desktops. But over and over, I’ve seen that new users don’t quite understand what the pager is for and what it does. Because of this, they will “lose” their windows from the desktop. Where did it go? It was there a moment ago! I guess it crashed. No. More than likely, they moved it to another desktop. Another desktop? You see where this is going? Help the new user understand what the pager is and how useful it can be.
KaDuS Bilang: This can be quite confusing if nobody explain to me before...

12: Ignoring security because it’s Linux

A big part of me still wants to boast and say, “In the 12 years I have used Linux, I have never once had a virus or worm or been hacked.” Although that is true, it doesn’t mean I should ignore security. I have witnessed the effects of a rootkit on a Linux machine. They aren’t pretty and data will be lost. Tell your users that they can’t ignore security just because they’re using Linux. Security is crucial, regardless of the OS.
KaDuS Bilang: Yup... this is true. I know that virus/worm infection on Linux machine is rare, but once infected, it will effect in a long time. Lucky me, i never encounter this. Hehehehe

KaDuS Bilang:
Bah kamu cuba lah.. kasi pas2 ni pengetahuan sama semua urang... Hehehe.


I DID NOT wrote this article. This article belong to Jack Wallen and was published first at TechRepublic Website on May 6th, 2010. It was again publish on ZDNET Website on May 14. 2010. You may use this post as your own reference. If you want to post this to your blogs or emails please do credit Jack Wallen not me. Thank You.

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Happy Malaysia Day!!!

While i know i'm late in wishing all Malaysian (it's 17th September 2010 - the celebration was on 16th September 2010), i hope readers (if any) wont feel angry with me. Hehe... Well, here it is, Happy Malaysia Day to All Malaysian, especially the state that joined the Malaya Federation to formed Malaysia on 16th September 1963. For this year Malaysia Days, i would like to include this article found on Wikipedia for our viewing pleasure.

The 20-Point Agreement.

This act as a terms and condition for North Borneo (Sabah's old name) to join the new Federation of Malaysia. The main reason for this conditions is to make sure that the interest, rights and autonomy are to be safeguards when they join Malaysia. Sarawak State do have their own condition, known as The 18-Points Agreement. It is important for younger generation (like me) to know what it is inside the 20-Point Agreement so that thay can trully understand what Malaysia Day are for them. Sia rasalah... hehehe

So Here is the 20-Points of Agreements for Sabah (Copy from Wikipedia!)

Point 1: Religion

While there was no objection to Islam being the national religion of Malaysia there should be no State religion in North Borneo, and the provisions relating to Islam in the present Constitution of Malaya should not apply to North Borneo

Point 2: Language

  • a. Malay should be the national language of the Federation
  • b. English should continue to be used for a period of 10 years after Malaysia Day
  • c. English should be an official language of North Borneo for all purposes, State or Federal, without limitation of time.

Point 3: Constitution

Whilst accepting that the present Constitution of the Federation of Malaya should form the basis of the Constitution of Malaysia, the Constitution of Malaysia should be a completely new document drafted and agreed in the light of a free association of states and should not be a series of amendments to a Constitution drafted and agreed by different states in totally different circumstances. A new Constitution for North Borneo (Sabah) was of course essential.

Point 4: Head of Federation

The Head of State in North Borneo should not be eligible for election as Head of the Federation

Point 5: Name of Federation

“Malaysia” but not “Melayu Raya”

Point 6: Immigration

Control over immigration into any part of Malaysia from outside should rest with the Central Government but entry into North Borneo should also require the approval of the State Government. The Federal Government should not be able to veto the entry of persons into North Borneo for State Government purposes except on strictly security grounds. North Borneo should have unfettered control over the movements of persons other than those in Federal Government employ from other parts of Malaysia into North Borneo.

Point 7: Right of Secession

There should be no right to secede from the Federation.

Point 8: Borneanisation

Borneanisation of the public service should proceed as quickly as possible.

Point 9: British Officers

Every effort should be made to encourage British Officers to remain in the public service until their places can be taken by suitably qualified people from North Borneo.

Point 10: Citizenship

The recommendation in paragraph 148(k) of the Report of the Cobbold Commission should govern the citizenship rights in the Federation of North Borneo subject to the following amendments:
  • a) sub-paragraph (i) should not contain the proviso as to five years residence
  • b) in order to tie up with our law, sub-paragraph (ii)(a) should read “7 out of 10 years” instead of “8 out of 10 years”
  • c) sub-paragraph (iii) should not contain any restriction tied to the citizenship of parents – a person born in North Borneo after Malaysia must be federal citizen.

Point 11: Tariffs and Finance

North Borneo should retain control of its own finance, development and tariff, and should have the right to work up its own taxation and to raise loans on its own credit.

Point 12: Special position of indigenous races

In principle the indigenous races of North Borneo should enjoy special rights analogous to those enjoyed by Malays in Malaya, but the present Malaya formula in this regard is not necessarily applicable in North Borneo

Point 13: State Government

  • a) the Chief Minister should be elected by unofficial members of Legislative Council
  • b) There should be a proper Ministerial system in North Borneo.

Point 14: Transitional period

This should be seven years and during such period legislative power must be left with the State of North Borneo by the Constitution and not be merely delegated to the State Government by the Federal Government.

Point 15: Education

The existing educational system of North Borneo should be maintained and for this reason it should be under state control.

Point 16: Constitutional safeguards

No amendment modification or withdrawal of any special safeguard granted to North Borneo should be made by the Central Government without the positive concurrence of the Government of the State of North Borneo
The power of amending the Constitution of the State of North Borneo should belong exclusively to the people in the state.

(Note: The United Party, The Democratic Party and the Pasok Momogun Party considered that a three-fourth majority would be required in order to effect any amendment to the Federal and State Constitutions whereas the UNKO and USNO considered a two-thirds majority would be sufficient.)

Point 17: Representation in Federal Parliament

This should take account not only of the population of North Borneo but also of its size and potentialities and in any case should not be less than that of Singapore.

Point 18: Name of Head of State

Yang di-Pertua Negeri.

Point 19: Name of State


Point 20: Land, Forests, Local Government, etc.

The provisions in the Constitution of the Federation in respect of the powers of the National Land Council should not apply in North Borneo. Likewise, the National Council for Local Government should not apply in North Borneo.

KaDuS Bilang:
Baca, faham and pikir2 lah sindri... Happy Malaysia Day To All...!!!

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Why Insult My State, Sabah?

"Why insult Sabah? What has the state of Sabah done wrong to you? Do you have any problem with us?"

This is some of the question i might ask to the SOB kid tha has been insulting The state of Sabah although indirectly. Hmm... Using a social networking website such as Facebook to "express opinion" towards one states was a silly things to do. Everybody can see that. Mind as well he wrote a special column in the national newspaper about what he dislike about Sabah.

This happened few days ago when i saw a screenshot of a comment written in the Facebook wall of one Luca Lukas. Dunno whether this is a real person or just a hantu lah. Don't even dare to put his real location, real picture.. Cowards. I guess most of my FB friends has seen that comment and to be frank it's hurts just to read it... Ini kah yg derang mo kasi bangga tu konsep 1 Malaysia? Hmmm... Guess this guy don't even know how many states there are in Malaysia. Although you are not directly insulting Sabah, but your intention is that you are insulting Sabah... Bodoh Btul.

To compare Sabah with another 'developed' states is a stupid things to do. Every states in Malaysia ada kelebihan and kelemahan. You want to compare the advantage with the disadvantages? adei... kenapalah ko ni budu btul...? Kenapa lah Sabah cuma ada Gunung Kinabalu yg buli dibanggakan? At least our Gunung is rated as one of the toughest mountain to climb in the world. It has brought Malaysia name as one of the Top tourist destination in the world. Same goes to Pulau Sipadan. Kalau ko pikir bagus2, we have contributed some of Malaysia economics via tourism. Sama juga macam negeri lain.  So smua ada peranan bah. Yg ko nda puas ati kenapa? What is your contribution towards your country? States? Or even your community? Oh, maybe you are as proud by your contribution as a foul mouth SOB, who don't even know anything. Sia rasakan, kalau teda sumbangan ekonomi dari negeri Sabah dan negeri lain2 di Malaysia ni, blum tentu ko dapat guna Facebook or even surf the internet. Hahahaha...

Talk about illegal immigrant, okay, i do admit, mmg berlambak lah di sini. But pikir balik little boy... Do you think that ur place is 100% clear of all this illegal immigrant problem? So tinguk ko pinya persekitaran sebelum ko cuba mo critics pasal tempat urang... Blajar cermin diri sindri sebelum ko mo komen urang len...

About kakitangan kerajaan dari semenanjung yg kerja di sini... I guess ko mimang nda tau apa2 pasal kerajaan Malaysia... Ko tentu nda tau yg derang pigi bertugas di sini bukan atas permintaan derang, tapi atas arahan kerajaan yg berpusat di ibu negara, KUALA LUMPUR. ko tau ka di mana KL? I guess u don't know, sebab tu lah ko cakap macam tu kan. Go back to school u idiot... Ambil Pengajian Malaysia or Pengajian AM. Jan lupa ambil Pengajian Moral. It can help u in the long run... Trust me...

Banyak lai daa yg sia mo tulis, but i don't want to be labeled as racist. Luca Lukas, seriusly talking u have what it takes to be the number one racist in the Malaysia... Ada sudah ciri-ciri ko tu. Kalau sia kasi post what u've said in ur FB wall sini, maybe api kemarahan urang Sabah akan lebih meningkat. So better jangan... Ko pikr ja lah sindri... Keep your mouth running and be ready for a lot of police reports being made towards you... When it happened i'll be one of many people to laugh...So Luca Lukas, or whatever this SOB name is, Grow Up! Please...

End of opinion... Hahahaha

- Posted using BlogPress from my iPhone

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